How to Grow Hydroponics Plants

Hydroponics systems are a great way to grow plants both indoors and out. On average, plants grown in a hydroponics system grow 30 to 50% faster than they do in the regular soil out there in the garden, and they also tend to yield in greater amounts. The reason for this is that, with a hydroponics system, you are gardening without soil. When there is no soil to mess around with, then the plants do not have to hunt around in the dirt for the nutrients and water that they need to grow healthy and strong. Instead, the water and nutrients are delivered directly to the roots of the plant in a hydroponics garden.

For those interested in knowing how to grow hydroponics plants, there is a ton of information out there to get you started and that you need to know. And while there is a bit of a learning curve, it is not as difficult as it might seem at first. The basics of what you need are a hydroponics system of your choice, a good lighting system or source, starter cubes, a nutrient solution to feed the plants, and, of course, seeds to make the plants themselves.

So let’s take a look at each component! To grow hydroponic plants, you will need:

…a hydroponics system. There are six basic types of hydroponics systems. They are called Drip, Wick, Aeroponic, Water Culture, Ebb and Flow, and Nutrient Film Technique (N.F.T.). The Wick system is the simplest of all of all of the different systems, where the nutrient solution is drawn up into the growing platform via a wick. The Drip system is the most commonly used, and it works with a pump that delivers the nutrient solution directly to each plant via a tube with drip points in it.

…some starter cubes. Starter cubes used to plant the seeds in, and then you allow them to sprout in there before you move them to the hydroponic system. Peat pots, Organo-Cubes, Rockwool, and Oasis Cubes are commonly used starter cubes. Simply poke a tiny hole in the top, gently place the seed in there, and cover the hole over with surrounding starter cube materials. The cubes need to remain moist while you wait for the plants to sprout, but you should never let them sit in water or get too wet, because it might drown the seedlings and seeds.

…a nutrient solution. A nutrient solution is basically nothing more than fertilizer mixed with water. When your seedlings are very young, your nutrient solution should be mixed at ¼ to ½ strength. After those first weeks, though, you can move onto the full strength nutrient solution so your plants get all the food they need.

…a good lighting system or source. Plants need light to grow, regardless of whether you are growing them in the soil or in a hydroponics system, so good lighting is a must. Natural sunlight can be used if you put your system outside, in a portable greenhouse or near a large window that lets in a lot of sun. For indoor artificial lighting, there are three basic kinds: fluorescent, incandescent, and high intensity discharge. Fluorescent is the lighting of choice for small gardeners because they are inexpensive and have low heat emissions. High intensity discharge lights are more effective, though these HID lights are also more expensive.

5.)Seeds! You can grow whatever you want here, of course. Tomatoes are a popular hydroponics vegetable. Lettuces and spinach do well under fluorescent lights, as do African Violets because they are an indirect sunlight plant.

And there you have the basics for how to grow hydroponics plants!